• Tone and Mood
    Tone and mood both deal with the emotions centered around a piece of writing. Though they seem similar and can in fact be related causally, they are NOT the same thing. Authors use tone and mood to help readers understand their intended meaning.

    Tone is the author’s attitude toward a subject. With the exception of journalistic/news writing, which is usually objective, all other writing can have various tones.

    If we were to read a description of a birthday party that included words and phrases like “lame” and “my mom forced me to go," we could assume that the individual didn’t really enjoy the party.

    Positive Tone Words: admiring, adoring, appreciative, calm, casual, cheerful, celebratory, compassionate, earnest, effusive, encouraging, expectant, hopeful, joyful, lively, nostalgic, optimistic, passionate, playful, proud, reassuring, reflective, respectful, scholarly, whimsical, zealous
    Neutral Tone Words: direct, serious, impartial, indirect, objective, understated, questioning, speculative
    Negative Tone Words: angry, annoyed, bitter, bossy, condescending, impatient, insecure, mocking, ominous, patronizing, demanding, disrespectful, evasive, foreboding, gloomy, harsh, resigned, sarcastic, sinister, sly, suspicious

    Mood is the atmosphere of a piece of writing; it’s the emotions a selection arouses in a reader.

    Positive Mood Words: amused, awed, cheerful, confident, determined, empowered, flirty, hopeful, joyous, liberating, mellow, peaceful, relaxed, silly, thankful, warm
    Negative Mood Words: apprehensive, brooding, cranky, depressed, dreary, envious, gloomy, haunting, lonely, moody, overwhelmed, pensive, restless, suspenseful, terrifying, worried
     View the videos below and discuss how they differ in tone and mood.